§ 484C.340 Application by third-time offender to undergo program of treatment; sentencing of offender and conditional suspension of proceedings; requirements to participate in program of treatment; certain previous convictions preclude offender from participating in program of treatment
484C.340. Application by third-time offender to undergo program of treatment; sentencing of offender and conditional suspension of proceedings; requirements to participate in program of treatment; certain previous convictions preclude offender from participating in program of treatment
1. An offender who enters a plea of guilty or nolo contendere to a violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 that is punishable pursuant to paragraph (c) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400 may, at the time the offender enters a plea, apply to the court to undergo a program of treatment for alcoholism or drug abuse which is certified by the Health Division of the Department of Health and Human Services for at least 3 years if:
(a) The offender is diagnosed as an alcoholic or abuser of drugs by:
(1) An alcohol and drug abuse counselor who is licensed or certified, or a clinical alcohol and drug abuse counselor who is licensed, pursuant to chapter 641C of NRS, to make that diagnosis; or
(2) A physician who is certified to make that diagnosis by the Board of Medical Examiners; and
(b) The offender agrees to pay the costs of the treatment to the extent of his or her financial resources.
An alcohol and drug abuse counselor, a clinical alcohol and drug abuse counselor or a physician who diagnoses an offender as an alcoholic or abuser of drugs shall make a report and recommendation to the court concerning the length and type of treatment required for the offender.
2. A prosecuting attorney may, within 10 days after receiving notice of an application for treatment pursuant to this section, request a hearing on the matter. The court shall order a hearing on the application upon the request of the prosecuting attorney or may order a hearing on its own motion.
3. At the hearing on the application for treatment, the prosecuting attorney may present the court with any relevant evidence on the matter. If a hearing is not held, the court shall decide the matter and other information before the court.
4. If the court determines that an application for treatment should be granted, the court shall:
(a) Immediately, without entering a judgment of conviction and with the consent of the offender, suspend further proceedings and place the offender on probation for not more than 5 years upon the condition that the offender be accepted for treatment by a treatment facility, that the offender complete the treatment satisfactorily and that the offender comply with any other condition ordered by the court.
(b) Advise the offender that:
(1) If the offender is accepted for treatment by such a facility, he or she may be placed under the supervision of the facility for not more than 5 years and during treatment the offender may be confined in an institution or, at the discretion of the treatment facility, released for treatment or supervised aftercare in the community.
(2) If the offender is not accepted for treatment by such a treatment facility, or if he or she fails to complete the treatment satisfactorily, the court will enter a judgment of conviction for a violation of paragraph (c) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400. Any sentence of imprisonment may be reduced by a time equal to that which the offender served before beginning treatment.
(3) If the offender completes the treatment satisfactorily, the court will enter a judgment of conviction for a violation of paragraph (b) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400.
(4) The provisions of NRS 483.460 requiring the revocation of the license, permit or privilege of the offender to drive do not apply.
5. The court shall administer the program of treatment pursuant to the procedures provided in NRS 458.320 and 458.330, except that the court:
(a) Shall not defer the sentence or set aside the conviction upon the election of treatment, except as otherwise provided in this section; and
(b) May enter a judgment of conviction and proceed as provided in paragraph (c) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400 for a violation of a condition ordered by the court.
6. To participate in a program of treatment, the offender must:
(a) Serve not less than 6 months of residential confinement;
(b) Install, at his or her own expense, a device for not less than 12 months;
(c) Not drive any vehicle unless it is equipped with a device;
(d) Agree to be subject to periodic testing for the use of alcohol or controlled substances while participating in a program of treatment; and
(e) Agree to any other conditions that the court deems necessary.
7. An offender may not apply to the court to undergo a program of treatment for alcoholism or drug abuse pursuant to this section if the offender has previously applied to receive treatment pursuant to this section or if the offender has previously been convicted of:
(a) A violation of NRS 484C.430;
(b) A violation of NRS 484C.130;
(c) A homicide resulting from driving or being in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or resulting from any other conduct prohibited by NRS 484C.110, 484C.130 or 484C.430;
(d) A violation of paragraph (c) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400;
(e) A violation of NRS 484C.410; or
(f) A violation of law of any other jurisdiction that prohibits the same or similar conduct as set forth in paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d).
8. As used is this section, “device” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 484C.450.